Transgender is a term that refers to people whose gender identity, or internal sense of being male or female, differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. This means that transgender people may identify as male or female, or somewhere in between, regardless of their biological sex. This article will explore what it means to be transgender, why some people identify as transgender, and the challenges and discrimination that transgender people face in society.

What is Gender Identity?

Gender identity refers to a person’s internal sense of being male or female, or something else. This sense of gender identity is usually formed in early childhood and is deeply ingrained in a person’s sense of self. For most people, their gender identity matches their biological sex, so they identify as male or female based on their genitalia and reproductive organs. However, for some people, their gender identity does not match their biological sex, and they may identify as transgender.

Why Do Some People Identify as Transgender?

There is no one answer to this question, as everyone’s experience of gender identity is unique. However, some transgender people may feel that their biological sex does not match their true gender identity, and they may experience feelings of discomfort or distress as a result. This is sometimes referred to as gender dysphoria, and it can be a challenging and isolating experience for many people. Some transgender people may choose to transition to align their physical appearance with their gender identity, while others may choose to live openly as transgender.

Challenges and Discrimination Faced by Transgender People

Transgender people face a number of challenges and forms of discrimination in society. For example, they may experience harassment, violence, or discrimination in the workplace, in schools, or in public places. They may also face barriers to accessing healthcare or other services, and may experience social isolation or rejection from family and friends. Transgender people are also often subjected to negative stereotypes and misinformation in the media, which can contribute to discrimination and misunderstanding.


1. What is the difference between transgender and transsexual?

Transgender is an umbrella term that refers to people whose gender identity differs from their biological sex, while transsexual refers to people who have medically transitioned to align their physical appearance with their gender identity.

2. Is being transgender a mental disorder?

No, being transgender is not a mental disorder. However, some transgender people may experience mental health challenges as a result of the discrimination and stigma they face.

3. Can children be transgender?

Yes, children can experience gender dysphoria and may identify as transgender. However, it is important to provide supportive and affirmative care for children who may be questioning their gender identity, rather than trying to force them into a specific gender role.

4. What is gender reassignment surgery?

Gender reassignment surgery is a medical procedure that alters a person’s physical appearance to align it with their gender identity. This may include hormone therapy, breast augmentation or removal, and genital surgery.

5. How can I support transgender people?

You can support transgender people by using their preferred name and pronouns, advocating for their rights and inclusion, and educating yourself and others about transgender issues and experiences.


Being transgender is a complex and deeply personal experience that deserves respect and understanding. Transgender people face many challenges in society, including discrimination and stigma, and it is important to provide them with support and affirmative care. By learning more about transgender issues and advocating for the rights of transgender people, we can work towards a more inclusive and accepting society for all.